Explaining The Dip: What Caused The Recent Cryptocurrency Downturn


Cryptocurrencies set striking records in the year 2017. The values of major cryptocurrencies, especially Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ripple skyrocketed so high that those who had invested in them earlier felt on top of the world and those who hadn’t felt that they had missed out. On December 17, 2017, the value of Bitcoin had risen to an all-time high ($19,850) as had several other major cryptocurrencies.

Several warnings were given as to why people should avoid investing in cryptocurrencies on the premise of the volatile nature of the market.

However, 2018 has not been a good year for the market so far. Having reached a valuation of $834 billion as of January 7, 2018, CoinMarketCap reported that the market witnessed a drastic plunge of about 66%, losing over $553 billion. Bitcoin recorded a huge loss of over 50% in February, with valuation dropping below $7,000. Ethereum and Ripple also suffered similar drops, both recording losses of over 40% during the same month. This plunge has put many into a state of panic. Could this be where the bubble bursts? Is this what so many experts have warned about? Are we seeing the end of crypto-currencies?

“The market before was clearly overheated,” points out Miko Matsumura, cofounder of Evercoin. “The only fear in the market was fear of missing out.” These speculations led many to rush into the market, resulting in price inflation. However, he believes that the market is currently stabilizing, which was the reason for the plunge.

“I do think there are a number of people in a state of panic, which is unfortunate, but for every new person who panics, there are a number of people who are comfortable with 50% drops and more who are either holding or seeing it as a buying opportunity.” Matsumura believes this could also be a window of opportunity for future gains.

There is, therefore, a need for proper regulation of the market. According to Thomas Glucksman of Gatecoin, “Increasing regulatory recognition of cryptocurrency exchanges, the entrance of institutional capital and major technology developments will contribute to the market’s rebound and push cryptocurrency prices to all new highs this year.”

According to Dager Contreras, co-founder of Ocular, developments such as blockchain security and compliance will allow investors to feel safe when investing in cryptocurrencies.

“As exchanges and wallets continue to improve their security measures, which include stronger KYC (know your customers) and AML (anti-money laundering) systems,” he explained, “investors may feel safer knowing that the likelihood of being hacked is reduced.”

When asked for his thoughts concerning regulation, Matsumura said that “of course there is more regulation coming, but the approach so far has not been the introduction of new laws, the approach has been taking enforcement actions against fraudsters and those who inadvertently broke securities law.”

“Obviously another big concern is hacking, security and custody,” Matsumura points out. “The use of huge centralized custodial exchanges is a terrible weakness in an otherwise decentralized economy. We are going to experience massive hacks until the community realizes that they need to shift to noncustodial exchanges.”

With the recent hack of Coincheck costing the company $530 million in virtual currency, the fear of security cannot be over-emphasized. The hack is said to be one of the largest in history and sparked raids by the Financial Services Agency in Japan on the exchange. The heist has heightened the need for proper regulatory and security measures in the market.

Negative press around cryptocurrencies has done little to relieve tensions in the market. In December, The Crypto Company was suspended by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission amid concerns about the adequacy and accuracy of information about the company. Speculation about cryptocurrencies being a bubble which could burst at any time has also led to an increase in fear among many.

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